Glucophage

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glucophage

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An oral medication used to treat type 2 diabetes

Glucophage Information

Glucophage Medication Information Leaflet

Common Use

Glucophage is a commonly prescribed medication used to treat type 2 diabetes mellitus. It is an oral medication that helps control blood sugar levels by reducing the amount of sugar produced in the liver and improving the body's response to insulin.

Classification

Glucophage belongs to a class of medications known as biguanides. It works by decreasing the amount of glucose produced by the liver and improving the body's sensitivity to insulin.

Generic Ingredient (Availability in South Africa)

The generic ingredient of Glucophage is metformin hydrochloride. It is readily available in South Africa and is prescribed under various brand names, including Glucophage, Glucophage XR, and Glucophage R.

Certification Information (Countries of Approval)

Glucophage (metformin) is approved for use in South Africa by the South African Health Products Regulatory Authority (SAHPRA), which ensures its safety, efficacy, and quality. Additionally, metformin has been approved by regulatory authorities in numerous countries worldwide, including the United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Australia, and many others.

Known Alternatives in South Africa

There are several alternative medications available in South Africa that can be used to manage type 2 diabetes. Some of the commonly prescribed alternatives to Glucophage include:

  1. Januvia (Sitagliptin)
  2. Victoza (Liraglutide)
  3. Jardiance (Empagliflozin)
  4. Amaryl (Glimepiride)

It is essential to consult with a healthcare professional to determine the most suitable alternative medication based on individual needs and medical history.

Clinical Use

Glucophage is primarily used to control blood sugar levels in people with type 2 diabetes. It is an important part of the overall treatment plan for diabetes management, which may also include lifestyle modifications such as diet and exercise.

Spectrum Of Activity

Glucophage primarily acts to reduce the production of glucose by the liver and improve insulin sensitivity. It does not stimulate insulin secretion from the pancreas. Therefore, its main effect is on fasting blood sugar levels and not postprandial glucose control.

Drug Interactions

Glucophage can interact with certain medications, including:

  • Cimetidine: May increase the concentration of metformin in the body.
  • Diuretics: May increase the risk of lactic acidosis when combined with metformin.
  • Beta-blockers: May mask the symptoms of low blood sugar levels.

It is essential to inform your healthcare provider about all the medications you are taking, including over-the-counter drugs and herbal supplements, to avoid potential drug interactions.

Contraindications and Precautions

Glucophage is generally well-tolerated, but there are certain contraindications and precautions to consider:

  • Allergy: Individuals with a known allergy to metformin or any of its components should not use Glucophage.
  • Kidney or liver disease: Glucophage should be used with caution in individuals with impaired kidney or liver function.
  • Alcohol consumption: Excessive alcohol intake while taking Glucophage may increase the risk of developing lactic acidosis.

It is important to discuss any pre-existing medical conditions or allergies with your doctor before starting treatment with Glucophage.

Possible Side Effect(s)

Common side effects of Glucophage may include:

  • Nausea
  • Diarrhea
  • Abdominal discomfort
  • Flatulence
  • Metallic taste in the mouth

These side effects are usually temporary and tend to resolve over time. However, if they persist or become bothersome, it is advisable to consult a healthcare professional.

Dosage and Directions

The dosage of Glucophage may vary depending on individual patient requirements. It is typically started at a low dose and gradually increased under the guidance of a healthcare professional. The recommended starting dose for adults is usually 500 mg or 850 mg taken once or twice daily with meals. The maximum recommended dose is 2,000 mg per day.

It is crucial to follow the prescribed dosage instructions provided by your healthcare provider and not to adjust the dosage without medical supervision.

Missed Dose and Overdose

If a dose of Glucophage is missed, it should be taken as soon as remembered. However, if it is nearly time for the next dose, it is advisable to skip the missed dose and resume the regular dosing schedule. Double doses should not be taken to make up for missed doses.

In case of an overdose, it is important to seek immediate medical attention. Symptoms of an overdose may include severe nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, and hypoglycemia.

Storage

Glucophage should be stored at room temperature, away from moisture, heat, and direct light. It should be kept out of the reach of children and pets.

Known Non-standard Use

Glucophage is primarily used for the management of type 2 diabetes, and its non-standard use is not recommended without medical supervision.

Patient Considerations

Glucophage can be an effective medication for individuals with type 2 diabetes. However, it is important to consider the following patient-specific factors:

  • Kidney function: Glucophage can affect kidney function and may not be suitable for individuals with impaired renal function.
  • Liver function: Individuals with liver disease should use Glucophage with caution.
  • Elderly patients: Elderly patients may be more susceptible to the side effects of Glucophage.

It is essential to inform your healthcare provider about any specific patient considerations or medical history that may impact the use of Glucophage.

Breastfeeding and Pregnancy

Glucophage should be used with caution during pregnancy and breastfeeding. It is important to discuss the risks and benefits of Glucophage with a healthcare professional before using the medication in these situations.

Possible Risks

While Glucophage is generally safe and well-tolerated, there are certain risks associated with its use. The most serious risk is the rare but potentially life-threatening condition called lactic acidosis. This condition is characterized by the buildup of lactic acid in the body and requires immediate medical attention if suspected. Symptoms may include muscle cramps, rapid breathing, dizziness, and severe fatigue.

It is important to be aware of the symptoms of lactic acidosis and seek medical help if any occur. Regular monitoring of kidney function is also recommended while taking Glucophage.

Note: This medication leaflet is for informational purposes only and should not replace medical advice. Always consult a healthcare professional for personalized guidance and appropriate use of Glucophage.


Glucophage FAQ (In afrikaans)

Wat is Glucophage?

Glucophage is 'n voorskrifmedisyne wat gebruik word om diabetes tipe 2 te behandel. Dit behandel hoë bloedsuiker deur die verbetering van die liggaam se insuliengebruik en verminder die produksie van suiker in die lewer.

Hoe moet ek Glucophage gebruik?

Die dosering en aanwending van Glucophage kan verskil na gelang van jou individuele behoeftes en mediese geskiedenis. Dit moet geneem word met voedsel om maagpyn te voorkom. Volg altyd die instruksies van jou dokter of apteker en moenie die voorgeskrewe dosis oorskry nie.

Wat is die algemene newe-effekte van Glucophage?

Die algemene newe-effekte van Glucophage kan insluit maagpyn, naarheid, braking, diarree of verlies van eetlus. Dit is nie 'n volledige lys van moontlike neveneffekte nie. As jy ernstige newe-effekte ervaar, moet jy onmiddellik mediese hulp soek.

Is Glucophage veilig vir swanger vroue?

As jy swanger is of beplan om swanger te raak, moet jy dit met jou dokter bespreek voordat jy Glucophage gebruik. Dit kan nodig wees om 'n alternatiewe behandeling te oorweeg, omdat die veiligheid van Glucophage tydens swangerskap nie volledig vasgestel is nie.

Kan ek alkohol drink terwyl ek Glucophage gebruik?

Dit word aanbeveel om alkohol te vermy terwyl jy Glucophage gebruik, aangesien dit die risiko van lae bloedsuiker kan verhoog. As jy steeds wil alkohol drink, praat met jou dokter oor veilige hoeveelhede en wanneer dit veilig is om dit te doen.

Kan ek Glucophage neem as ek 'n nierprobleem het?

As jy 'n nierprobleem het, moet jy dit met jou dokter bespreek voordat jy Glucophage gebruik. Jou dokter kan jou 'n aangepaste dosis voorskryf of 'n alternatiewe behandeling voorstel indien nodig.

Hoe lank neem dit voordat Glucophage begin werk?

Die tyd wat dit neem voordat Glucophage begin werk, kan van persoon tot persoon verskil. In die algemeen kan dit 'n paar weke neem voordat jy 'n merkbare verbetering in jou bloedsuiker vlakke sien. Bly aanhou om die medikasie te gebruik volgens voorskrif, selfs as jy nie dadelik 'n verandering opmerk nie.

Wat moet ek doen as ek 'n dosis Glucophage vergeet het?

As jy 'n dosis Glucophage vergeet het, neem dit so gou as jy dit onthou. As dit egter naby die tyd vir jou volgende dosis is, slaan die gemiste dosis oor en gaan terug na jou normale doseringsskedule. Moenie dubbele dosisse neem om 'n gemiste dosis in te haal nie.

Kan ek ophou om Glucophage te neem sodra my bloedsuiker vlakke normaal is?

Dit is belangrik om nie sonder jou dokter se advies te stop om Glucophage te neem nie, selfs as jou bloedsuiker vlakke normaal is. Jou dokter sal besluit wanneer dit veilig is om te begin verminder of te stop met die medikasie.

Kan ek Glucophage gebruik saam met ander medikasies?

Dit is belangrik om jou dokter in kennis te stel van alle ander voorskrifmedisyne, vry verkrygbare medisyne en aanvullings wat jy gebruik voordat jy Glucophage begin gebruik. Dit sal jou dokter help om moontlike medikasie-interaksies te identifiseer en 'n veilige behandelingsplan vir jou te ontwikkel.

Wat moet ek doen as ek 'n allergie vir Glucophage ontwikkel?

As jy enige teken van 'n allergie vir Glucophage vertoon, soos uitslag, swelling, kortasemheid, of swaar asemhaling, moet jy onmiddellik mediese hulp soek. Vertel jou dokter van enige allergieë wat jy het voordat jy met die medikasie begin.

Moet ek my eetgewoontes aanpas terwyl ek Glucophage neem?

Sommige mense kan gevind word dat hulle hul eetgewoontes moet aanpas terwyl hulle Glucophage gebruik. Dit kan die insluiting van 'n gebalanseerde dieet, vermyding van suikerhoudende voedsel en drankies, en om gesonde eetgewoontes aan te leer. Vra jou dokter of 'n voedingsdeskundige vir advies as jy onseker is oor jou eetplan.

Kan ek Glucophage gebruik as ek allergies is vir glipisied?

As jy allergies is vir glipisied of enige ander bestanddele in Glucophage, moet jy dit nie gebruik nie. Dit is belangrik om jou dokter in kennis te stel van enige bekende allergieë voordat jy met die medikasie begin.

Wat moet ek doen as ek te veel Glucophage ingeneem het?

As jy te veel Glucophage ingeneem het, moet jy onmiddellik mediese hulp soek. Oordosis kan ernstige newe-effekte veroorsaak en professionele mediese behandeling kan nodig wees.

Hoe bewaar ek Glucophage?

Glucophage moet bewaar word in 'n koel, droë plek weg van hitte en lig. Moenie die medikasie in die badkamer of naby hittebronne bewaar nie. Hou dit buite die bereik van kinders en troeteldiere.


Glucophage Verwante Medikasies

  • Apo-Metformin (Metformin) deur Apotex
  • Diaformin (Metformin) deur Takeda
  • Euglucon (Glibenclamide, Metformin) deur Mylan
  • Janumet (Sitagliptin, Metformin) deur Merck Sharp & Dohme
  • Metfogamma (Metformin) deur Krewel Meuselbach
  • Metformin-LF (Metformin) deur Unikpharma
  • Minuglucon (Glibenclamide, Metformin) deur Minapharm
  • Glucavin (Glibenclamide, Metformin) deur Medochemie
  • Metex (Metformin) deur Centaur Pharmaceuticals
  • Biformal (Metformin) deur Farmedia


Verwante Medikasies aan Glucophage



Glucophage Purchasing Information

Can One buy Glucophage online in South Africa?

Yes, you can buy Glucophage online in South Africa. Glucophage is available from various reputable online pharmacies such as ours. To purchase Glucophage in our online pharmacy, you do not need a prescription from a healthcare provider, as we can issue it to you online.

Can I legally buy Glucophage in South Africa without a prescription?

One can legally order Glucophage online in South Africa via overseas online pharmacy. It is legal because the order is coming from outside the area of South Africa and falls under the jurisdiction of the selling country.

Where can I safely order Glucophage online in South Africa?

You can buy Glucophage online in South Africa safely from overseas online pharmacy such as ours. We are established and trusted network of suppliers for branded and generic medications operating in the South Africa market since 2014.

Glucophage Properties

  • Conditions To Treat: Type 2 Diabetes
  • Clinical Use: Lowering blood glucose levels
  • Spectrum Of Activity: Biguanide antidiabetic
  • Mechanism Of Action: Decrease hepatic glucose production and increase insulin sensitivity in muscle and adipose cells
  • Length Of Use: Long-term
  • Recommended Dosage: 500mg-850mg twice daily
  • Side Effects: Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea

Glucophage Drug Class

How to Purchase Glucophage | Metformin through our Pharmacy Site

Procuring Glucophage | Metformin from our online med store is effortless. Just select the desired dosage and quantity showcased. The cost of your pick updates in real-time, providing an immediate glimpse of the final cost. Click on the Add to Basket button to add the chosen quantity to your basket. Feel free to search for more pills or head straight to the checkout. On the Checkout Page, complete your order using our secure and specialized payment gateway, ensuring your information remains private.

Rest assured, Glucophage / Metformin pills are made from top-grade generic ingredients and undergo stringent quality checks based on WHO and The South African Health Products Regulatory Authority (SAHPRA) standards. However, Glucophage pills are shipped from locations outside of South Africa due to international prescription protocols. This approach allows us to deliver unmatched quality and value without sacrificing efficacy or safety.

At our Online Pharmacy, customer satisfaction is paramount. We take pride in delivering top notch products and services. Our dedicated support team is always on standby to address any queries or concerns you might have. Furthermore, our track record speaks for itself; with countless satisfied customers from South Africa and beyond, you can shop Glucophage | Metformin with confidence knowing you're in safe hands. We value your trust and are committed to ensuring every transaction is smooth and every product meets the highest standards.

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Glucophage

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